Self-report and startle-based measures of emotional reactions to body image cues as predictors of body dissatisfaction in female college students. Kristen Miller Keune

ISBN: 9780549977377

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NOOK Study eTextbook

75 pages


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Self-report and startle-based measures of emotional reactions to body image cues as predictors of body dissatisfaction in female college students.  by  Kristen Miller Keune

Self-report and startle-based measures of emotional reactions to body image cues as predictors of body dissatisfaction in female college students. by Kristen Miller Keune
| NOOK Study eTextbook | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, ZIP | 75 pages | ISBN: 9780549977377 | 9.38 Mb

Numerous studies have shown that higher levels of body dissatisfaction are associated with an increased risk for developing an eating disorder. The majority of such studies have utilized self-report measures to assess participants feeling about their bodies. The purpose of the current study was to utilize both self-report and startle-based measures of emotional responses to body image stimuli in order to investigate whether the startle response measure would predict body dissatisfaction above and beyond self-report.

Unaltered photographs of the participants own face were used as personally-relevant body image stimuli presented to elicit emotional responses that were assessed with self-report and startle-based measures. In addition, emotional reactions were assessed to versions of the participants face photograph that were altered to simulate high and low degrees of weight loss and weight gain. Fifty-three female college students participated in this study. The results indicated that higher levels of body dissatisfaction, as measured by the Eating Disorder Inventory III, were associated with negative self-reported emotional responses to the unaltered photograph and the simulated high weight gain photograph.

Higher levels of body dissatisfaction were also associated with a startle response pattern indicating a negative emotional reaction to the simulated high weight gain photograph. For the simulated high weight gain photograph only, results revealed that the startle based measure of emotion predicted body dissatisfaction above and beyond the self-report measure. In exploratory analyses, a similar pattern of results was obtained for the eating disorder risk factor of drive for thinness.

The results of this study demonstrate the utility of assessing emotional responses to personally-relevant body image stimuli in predicting body dissatisfaction. Although the startle response measure was found to be redundant with the self-report measure for most of the body image stimuli, the exception was that the startle response did predict body dissatisfaction and drive for thinness above and beyond self-report for the photo simulating the highest degree of weight gain Together, these findings suggest that the use of simulated weight gain and weight loss photos and the addition of the startle response measure may also provide powerful tools for future studies of eating disorder risk.



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